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30-Year Fixed Rate Mortgage

The 30-year fixed rate loan is a fixed mortgage system which allows the borrower to issue a fixed amount every month for a time of 30-years it takes to pay off the loan. The average interest rate for a 30-year fixed loan is 3.78 % according to the Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae stipulations. The rate set may vary slightly among different lenders, and these depend on several factors. For example, the person’s credit score is one of the significant deciders to the interest rate they give for the loan. If the credit score is between 680 and above, then they may get favorable rates. The opposite is exact for people with credit scores below 630 who may get charged as high as 5.1%.

The fixed rate mortgage is attractive, considering it allows people to lock in for a low fee every month for a long time. Historically, though, the rates were much higher for 30-year mortgages than they are at present. In the year 2000, the rates reached as high as 8.64%. When the Federal Reserve increases the rates to financial institutions, one might expect the tariffs would also raise, and this is the case with adjustable rate mortgages or ARMs but not so with fixed-rate mortgages. After the 2008 crash, popularity increased significantly for fixed-rate mortgages, which were safer than the adjustable rate loans.


30-year fixed rate loans offer dependability in their payments because the rate stays the same over the life of the loan allowing the borrower to budget effectively. The loan is also charged at a low-interest rate considering the long term of payment. The lower amount of payment per month allows the owners to have some disposable income to use for expenditure and a buffer for emergencies that may occur during the time. It also allows the financial capability to refinance to a 15-year mortgage loan should the need arise to finish the payment within a shorter time.


The loan is implemented over an extended period indicating a higher risk to the lenders because there is a greater chance the loan may not be completed. For that reason, the interests of the 30-year loan tend to be higher than other fixed-rate mortgages. Not only is it higher but it also accumulates for two times the time if comparing it to the 15-year fixed mortgage. Similarly, the longer the debt is a factor, the more it will hamper financial freedom.